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Sunday, September 30, 2007

Software Problems-Solutions-Comments-01

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Hello Tech. Bloggers…

Here is the starting of monthly column: Where you can post various problems/or solutions you have to share with others and also for solutions. So that other member can solve/express views.
Warning: Please don’t post unnecessary/illegal things. Your post must be valid/productive one. But you can comment on anything. Don’t use bad/offensive languages in your comments. Don't ask me for warez (pirated software), Serials/crack etc.

Author: bcdalai
You can submit new info by Blog comments or by e-mail.

Hardware Glossary-Sept2007

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Hardware Glossary
Last updated on: June 3, 2010

Category: Hardware
802.11 WLAN support: IEEE standards for WLAN giving you the flexibility to connect to most available WLAN infrastructures (i.e., hotspots).

Adaptive de-interlacing: Enables enhanced visual quality of interlaced content on progressive displays.

Business Class Wireless Suite (version 2): A set of wireless features which are the result of technology collaboration between Intel and Cisco Systems. These features ensure full capability between Intel® Centrino® processor technology and Cisco Unified Wireless Network products and provide additional interoperability to customers who use products from both Intel and Cisco.

Clock speed: Speed of the processor's internal clock, which dictates how fast the processor can process data.

Dynamic Video Memory Technology 3.0: Enhances performance for memory intensive graphics/video by giving the chipset the ability to dynamically use system memory.

Enables multi-streaming HD content: Enables you to enjoy multiple streams of high-definition content, like watching two streams, with picture-in-picture content, for example.

Enables HD-DVD playback: Hardware and software capabilities for displaying High Definition content from HD-DVDs.

Enhanced quality of service WLAN: Commonly referred to as 802.11e, helps decrease latency and throughput reductions in wireless multimedia applications (like VoIP, playing online games and streaming video).

Friendly Neighbor Assurance: Provides dual band support ensuring maximum throughput and minimal interference to legacy networks - through use of FAT channels in 5GHz spectrum.

Flexible roaming with enhanced AP selection: Switch between wireless access points based upon your preferences to maximize throughput and/or maintain a stable connection.

FSB: The connecting path between the processor and other key components such as the memory controller hub. Increasing both the FSB and clock speed together enable the processor to handle a tremendous amount of data, which can be significant for running certain simple, yet data intensive applications like high resolution video playback and video editing.

Intel® 64: An enabling technology that can take advantage of 64-bit operating systems and applications as they become available.

Intel® Wide Dynamic Execution: An Intel® Core™ micro-architecture feature designed to help improve CPU performance and efficiency, by increasing instructions per clock cycle from 3 to 4.

Intel® Smart Memory Access: An Intel® Core™ micro-architecture feature designed to improve system performance by optimizing data bandwidth from memory to the CPU.

Intel® FSB Frequency Switching: At minimal workloads, Intel FSB Frequency Switching helps to lower Front Side Bus data transfer rate which helps lower power consumption.

Intel® Turbo Memory: A recommended component designed with Intel® Flash Memory technology and software drivers that enable new benefits when running Windows Vista, including faster application load times.

Intel® Digital Media Boost: Primarily designed to improve thread synchronization to enhance digital media intensive PC gaming. Intel® Advanced Digital Media Boost enables 128-bit instructions to be executed at 1 per clock cycle—effectively doubling the speed of execution over prior generation.

Intel® Media Share Software: An Intel branded mobile application pre-installed on select Intel® Centrino® processor technology-based laptops that allow a user to stream or download media content from an Intel® Viiv™ Technology based server.

Intel® Active Management Technology: A set of remote security and manageability capabilities which provides corporate IT organizations with new features for tamper-resistant remote troubleshooting.

Intel® Smart Cache: A temporary storage area for frequently accessed or recently accessed data, this Intel® Core™ micro-architecture feature is designed to run processor-intensive programs, like online games or video editing, more efficiently.

Intel® Rapid Memory Power Management: Enhances the power-saving capabilities of chipsets and system memory.

Intel® Dynamic Power Coordination: Balances dual-core power management and performance. Intel® Intelligent Power Capability adds runtime power consumption management of all the processor's execution cores, to further enhance power efficiency processing.

Intel® Enhanced Deeper Sleep with dynamic cache sizing: Optimizes processor power states and transitions for increased power efficiencies.

Intel® Next-Gen Wireless-N supporting 802.11 draft N: Intel Wi-Fi product supporting the draft version of the IEEE 802.11n standard, enabling greater throughput and up to longer the range.

L2 Cache: A temporary storage area for frequently accessed or recently accessed data. A larger cache size can help the processor more efficiently run many popular applications, like word processing and 3-D gaming.

Memory support (DDR2): Dual channel memory for fast system responsiveness.

Noise interference filter: Filters out extra environmental noise to help improve wireless throughput.
Download PDF version of this article from the link below:
Submitted by-
Subrat Kumar Khatua. He is working in Hardware Industry for 4 years and currently associated with Cummins India Limited (CIL). He can be reached at:

Recommended Daily Used Softwares

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Common used Programs and Links for Everyone
Thank You readers.
P.S: Please suggest/comment on this article. If you have more info then send to me.
Author: bcdalai
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Microsoft Windows OS Release Dates

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Microsoft Windows OS Release Dates
Last updated: June 24, 2010
{OS Name}- {Release Date}-{OS Type}-{Platform}
1. {OS/2 1.0}- {1987}-{16-bit}-{Non-GUI based}
2. {OS/2 1.1}- {1988}-{16-bit}-{Non-GUI based}
3. {OS/2 1.2}- {1989}-{16-bit}-{Non-GUI based}
4. {OS/2 2.0}- {1992}-{16-bit}-{Non-GUI based}
5. {Windows 1.0/1.01}- {November 20, 1985}-{16-bit}-{Desktop}
6. {Windows 2.0}- {December 9, 1987}-{16-bit}-{Desktop}
7. {Windows 3.0}- {May 22, 1990}-{16-bit}-{Desktop}
8. {Windows 3.1}- {April 6, 1992}-{16-bit}-{Desktop}
9. {Windows for Workgroups 3.1}- {October 27, 1992}-{16-bit}-{Server}
10. {Windows NT 3.1 & 3.1 Advance Server}- {July 27, 1993}-{32-bit}-{Server}
11. {Windows for Workgroups 3.11}- {November 8, 1993}-{16-bit}-{Server}
12. {Windows NT 3.5 Server & Workstation}- {September 21, 1994}-{32-bit}-{Server}
13. {Windows NT 3.51 Server & Workstation}- {May 30, 1995}-{32-bit}-{Server}
14. {Windows 95}- {August 24, 1995}-{16 & 32-bit}-{Desktop}
15. {Windows NT 4.0 Server & Workstation}- {August 24, 1996}-{32-bit}-{Server}
16. {Windows 98}- {June 25, 1998}-{16 & 32-bit}-{Desktop}
17. {Windows 98 SE}- {May 9, 1999}-{16 & 32-bit}-{Desktop}
18. {Windows 2000 Prof. & Server}-{February 17, 2000}-{32-bit}-{Server & Desktop}
19. {Windows Me}- {September 14, 2000}-{16 & 32-bit}-{Desktop}
20. {Windows XP Home & Professional}- {October 25, 2001}-{32-bit}-{Desktop}
21. {Windows Server 2003}- {April 25, 2003}-{32 & 64-bit}-{Server}
22. {Windows Server 2003 R2}- {December 2005}-{32 & 64-bit}-{Server}
23. {Windows XP Media Center Edition 2003}- {December 18, 2003}-{32-bit}-{Multimedia Desktop}
24. {Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005}- {October 12, 2004}-{32-bit}-{Multimedia Desktop}
25. {Windows XP Professional x64 Edition}- {April 25, 2005}-{64-bit}-{Server & Desktop}
26. {Windows Fundamentals for Legacy PCs (WinFLP)(XP SP2)}- {June 08, 2006}-{32-bit}-{for Thin-Client}
27. {Windows Vista (Business versions}-{November 30, 2006}-{32 & 64-bit}-{Desktop}
28. {Windows Vista (Desktop versions}-{January 30, 2007}-{32 & 64-bit}-{Desktop}
29. {Windows Home Server}- {August 2007}-{32 & 64-bit}-{Server on Home Desktop}
30. {Windows Server 2008}- {February 27, 2008}-{32 & 64-bit}-{Server}
31. {Windows 7}- {Oct 22, 2009}-{32 & 64-bit}-{Desktop}
32. {Windows Server 2008 R2}- {Oct 22, 2009}-{64-bit only}-{Server}

Windows Timelines

Picture Source: Wikipedia, Article Link

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Author: bcdalai

Saturday, September 29, 2007


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Lists of Tech Acronyms

Last updated on: 8th July 2010
Terms Relating to Microsoft Product & Technology:
ACE: Access Control Entry
ACL: Access Control List
ACT: Application Compatibility Toolkit
ADO: ActiveX Data Objects
ADS: Automated Deployment Services
ADT: Automated Deployment Toolkit
AER: Application Error Reporting
AFD: Ancillary Function Driver
AIS: Asset Inventory Service
ALPC: Advanced Local Procedure Call
API: Application Programming Interface
APIC: Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller
ASEP: Auto-Start Extensibility Points
ASLR: Address Space Load Randomization
ASR: Automated System Recovery
AVS: Automatic Version Synchronization
BCD: Boot Configuration Data
BCL: Base class library
BDD: Business Desktop Deployment
BGP: Border Gateway Protocol
BHO: Browser Helper Objects
BITS: Background Intelligent Transfer Service
CA: Certification authority
CBS: Component Based Setup
CDDI: Copper Distributed Data Interface
CEIP: Customer Experience Improvement Program
CER: Corporate Error Reporting
CID: Confirmation ID
CIS: COM Internet Services
CMAK: Connection Manager Administration Kit
COM: Component Object Model
COM+: Component Object Model Plus
CSD: Cluster Security Descriptor
CTL: Client Trust List
CTP: Community Technology Preview
DACL: Discretionary Access Control List
DCOM: Distributed Component Object Model
DDK: Driver Development Kit
DEM: Desktop Error Monitoring
DEP: Data Execution Prevention
DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DIMS: Digital Identity Management Service
DTC: Distributed Transaction Coordinator
DTM: Driver Test Manager
DWM: Desktop Window Manager
EBD: Emergency Boot Disk
EC: Enterprise Client
ECN: Explicit Congestion Notification
EFS: Encrypting File System
EHS: Exchange Hosted Services
EMF: Enhanced Metafile
ENU: English US (language code)
EPG: Electronic Programming Guide
ER: Error Reporting
ERD: Emergency Repair Disk
ERU: Emergency Recovery Utility
ETW: Event Tracing for Windows
FAT: File Allocation Table
FDDI: Fiber Distributed Data Interface
FR: Folder Redirection
FRS: File Replication Service
FUS: Fast User Switching
FVE: Full Volume En­cryption
FVEK: Full Volume Encryption Key
GDR: General Distribution Release
GPMC: Group Policy Management Console
GPO: Group Policy Object
GSI: Genuine Software Initiative
HAL: Hardware Abstraction Layer
HCL: Hardware Compatibility Lists
HCT: Hardware Compatibility Test
ICF: Internet Connection Firewall
IEAK: Internet Explorer Administration Kit
IECE: Internet Explorer Compatibility Evaluator
IIS: Internet Information Services
IKE: Internet Key Exchange
IME: Input Method Editor
IPP: Internet Printing Protocol
ISA: Internet Security and Acceleration
JPN: Japanese (language code)
KDC: Key Distribution Center
KMS: Key Management Service
KTM: Kernel Transaction Manager
LINQ: Language Integrated Query
LME: Large Memory Enabled
LTI: Lite Touch Installation
LUA: Least-Privileged User Account
LUN: Logical Unit Number
MAK: Multiple Activation Key
MBS: Microsoft Business Solutions
MBSA: Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer
MDAC: Microsoft Data Access Components
MDM: Master Data Management
MDOP: Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack
MDX: Multidimensional Expressions
MFC: Microsoft Foundation Classes
MGX: Microsoft’s Global Exchange
MMC: Microsoft Management Console
MMPC: Microsoft Malware Protection Center
MMS: Microsoft Management Summit
MOM: Microsoft Operations Manager
MOSS: Microsoft Office SharePoint Server
MPA: Microsoft Product Activation
MRU: Most Recently Used
MSDE: Microsoft Data Engine
MSDN: Microsoft Developer Network
MSI: Microsoft Software Installer
MSL: Microsoft Support Lifecycle
MSMQ: Microsoft Message Queuing
MSN: Microsoft Network
MSP: Microsoft Software Patch
MST: Microsoft Software Transform
MSU: Microsoft Software Update (For Vista updates)
MTA: Message Transfer Agent
MTP: Media Transfer Protocol
MUI: Multi-lingual User Interface
MVLS: Microsoft Volume Licensing Services
MVP: Most Valuable Professional
NAP: Network Access Protection
NAQC: Network Access Quarantine Control
NDF: Network Diagnostics Framework
NLA: Network Location Awareness
NPS: Network Policy Server
NTFS: New Technology File System
NTLM: NT LAN Manager
OAK: OEM Adaption Kit
OAW: Office Activation Wizard
OCA: Online Crash Analysis
OLE: Object Linking and Embedding
OOBE: Out-of-Box Experience (Windows Welcome screen)
OPML: Outlined Processor Markup Language
OSD: Operating System Deployment
OU: Organizational Units
P2V: Physical machine-to-virtual machine
PAE: Physical Address Extension
PCM: Package Command Manager
PDC: Primary domain controller
PDC: Professional Developer Conference
PDO: Physical Device Object
PGM: Pragmatic General Multicast
PIT: Programmable interrupt timer
PMP: Protected Media Path
PNRP: Peer Name Resolution Protocol
PPTP: Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol
PUMA: Protected User-Mode Audio
PVP: Protected Video Path
PVP: Protected Video Playback
QFE: Quick Fix Engineering
QM: Queue Manager
QoS: Quality of Service
RAC: Reliability Analysis Component
RAS: Remote Access Service
RDP: Remote Desktop Protocol
RFM: Reduced Functionality Mode
RIS: Remote Installation Services
RMM: Real-mode Mapper
RMS: Rights Management Services
RPC: Remote Procedure Call
RSM: Removable Storage Manager
RSoP: Resultant Set of Policy
RTM: Release to Manufacturing
RUP: Roaming User Profiles
RUS: Russian (language code)
SACL: System Access Control List
SAM: Security Accounts Manager
SAM: Software Asset Management
SBS: Server-based-setup
SCE: Security Configuration Editor
SDDL: Security Descriptor Definition Language
SDI: System Disk Image
SDL: Security Development Lifecycle
SIS: Single Instance Store
SKU: Stock Keeping Units
SMB: Server Message Block
SMS: System Management Server
SP: Service Pack
SPID: Service Profile Identifier
SPP: Software Protection Platform
SRT: System Repair Tool
SSDP: Simple Service Discovery Protocol
SSIS: SQL Server Integration Services
SSU: Servicing Stack Update
SUA: Subsystem for UNIX-based Applications
SUS: Software Update Services
TAM: Technical Account Manager
TAP: Technology Adoption Program
TAPI: Telephony Application Programming Interface
TDI: Transport Driver Interface
TGS: Ticket-granting service
TLB: Translation Lookaside Buffer
TMM: Transient Mobility Manager
TPM: Trusted Platform Module
TSE: Terminal Server Edition
TSR: Terminate-and-stay-resident
UAC: User Account Control
UIA: Update Impact Analyzer
UPN: User Principal Name
USMT: User State Migration Tool
UTC: Coordinated Universal Time
UVC: USB Video Class
VAMT: Volume Activation Management Tool
VAR: Vista Readiness Assessment
VDM: Virtual DOS Machine
VHD: Virtual Hard Disks
VIA: Virus Information Alliance
VLAN: Virtual local area network
VLK: Volume License Key
VM: Virtual Machine
VMK: Volume Master Key
VMRC: Virtual Machine Remote Control
VSMT: Virtual Server Migration Toolkit
VSS: Volume Shadow Copy Service
WBT: Windows Based Terminal
WCF: Windows Communication Foundation
WDDM: Windows Device Driver Model
WDF: Windows Driver Foundation
WDI: Windows Diagnostic Infrastructure
WDK: Windows Driver Kit
WDM: Windows Driver Model
WDS: Windows Deployment Services
WEI: Windows Experience Index
WEP: Wired Equivalent Privacy
WER: Windows Error Reporting
WF: Workflow Foundation
WFP: Windows File Protection
WFP: Windows Filtering Platform
WfW: Windows for Workgroups
WHDC: Windows Hardware Developer Central
WHQL: Windows Hardware Quality Lab
WIA: Windows Imaging Architecture
WIM: Windows Imaging Format
WINS: Windows Internet Name Service
WLK: Windows Logo Kit
WLM: Windows Live Messenger
WMI: Windows Management Instrumentation
WOW: Windows on Windows
WPA: Windows Product Activation
WPE: Windows Protection Error
WPF: Windows Presentation Foundation
WRP: Windows Resource Protection
WSC: Windows Security Center
WSIM: Windows System Image Manager
WSK: Windows Socket Kernel
WSUS: Windows Server Update Services
WUA: Windows Update Agent
XAML: Extensible Application Markup Language
XPS: XML Paper Specification
ZAP: ZAW Down-level Applications Package
ZTI: Zero Touch Installation
AACS: Advanced Access Content System
ADUC: Active Directory Users and Computers
AGPM: Advanced Group Policy Management
APIPA: Automatic private IP address
AppID: Application ID
CLSID: Class Identifier
DaRT: Diagnostics and Recovery Toolset
LGPOs: Local Group Policy Objects
MDOP: Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack
MHTML: Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension Hypertext Markup Language
MMCSS: Multimedia Class Scheduler Service
MS ADPCM: Microsoft Adaptive Differential Pulse Code Modulation
MS DTC: Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator
MSIL: Microsoft Intermediate Language
MSXML: Microsoft Core Extensible Markup Language
OSPF: Open Shortest Path First
PNRP: Peer Name Resolution Protocol
RASQEC Remote Access Server Quarantine Enforcement Client
RRAS: Routing and Remote Access Service
SASC: Solution Accelerators – Security and Compliance
SCCM: System Center Configuration Manager
SDDL: Security Descriptor Definition Language
SSLF: Specialized Security – Limited Functionality
SSMSE: SQL Server Management Studio Express
SSTP: Secure Sockets Tunnel Protocol
Sysprep: System Preparation Tool
UACCE: User Account Control Compatibility Evaluator
Windows AIK: Windows Automated Installation Kit
Windows PE: Windows Pre-installation Environment
Windows SIM: Windows System Image Manager
WinFLP: Windows Fundamentals for Legacy PCs
WinSAT: Windows System Assessment Tools
WSRM: Windows System Resource Manager
Other Abbreviations (non-Microsoft):
ADF: Automatic Document Feeder
ANSI: American National Standards Institute
ASP: Active Server Pages
ATA: Advanced Technology Attachment
ATM: Asynchronous Transfer Mode
B2B: Business-to-Business
BAP: Bandwidth Allocation Protocol
BAR: Base Address Registers
BCC: Blind Carbon Copy
BD: Blue-Ray Disc
BDM: Business Decision Maker
BIOS: Basic Input/Output System
BPI: British Phonographic Industry
Bps: Bits per second
CCITT: Comite Consultatif International Telegraphique et Telephonique
ccTLD: Country code top-level domains
CGI: Common Gateway Interface
CHAP: Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol
CIDR: Classless Inter-Domain Routing
CIFS: Common Internet File System
CLI: Command-line Interface
CNG: Crypto Next Generation
COA: Certificate of Authenticity
Codec: Compressor/Decompressor
CompTIA: Computing Technology Industry Association
CRC: Cyclic Redundancy Check
CRIA: Canadian Recording Industry Association
CRM: Customer Relationship Management
CSID: Called subscriber ID
CSP: Cryptographic Service Provider
CSS: Cascading Style Sheets
CSS: Content Scramble System
CVE: Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures
DAC: Dual Address Cycle
DARPA: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DDoS: Distributed Denial of Service
DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DIMS: Digital Identity Management Service
DLM: Distributed Lock Manager
DNS: Domain Name System
DOM: Document Object Model
DoS: Denial of Service
DPI: Dots per Inch
DRM: Digital Rights Management
DSA: Digital Signature Algorithm
DSL: Digital Subscriber Line
DSS: Digital Signature Standard
DTD: Document Type Definition
DUN: Dial-up Networking
DVD: Digital Versatile Disc
EAP: Extensible Authentication Protocol
EFI: Extensible Firmware Interface
EISA: Extended ISA
EULA: End User License Agreement
exFAT Extended file allocation table
FIPS: Federal Information Processing Standard
Fps: Frames per second
FQDN: fully qualified domain name
FTP: File Transfer Protocol
GINA: Graphical Identification and Authorization
gTLD: Generic top-level domain
GUI: Graphical User Interface
GXA: Global XML Web Services Architecture
HD: High Definition
HDCP: High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection
HDDVD: High Definition DVD
HDTV: High Definition Television
HTTP: Hypertext Transfer Protocol
HWID: Hardware Identifier
IANA: Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
ICA: Independent Computer Architecture
ICMP: Internet Control Message Protocol
ICP: Internet Content Provider
IDF: Intel Developer Forum
IDN: Internationalized Domain Name
IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IETF: Internet Engineering Task Force
IFPI: International Federation of the Phonographic Industry
IHV: Independent Hardware Vendor
IMAP: Internet Message Access Protocol
IPSec: Internet Protocol Security
IPv4: Internet Protocol version 4
IPv6: Internet Protocol version 6
IRQ: Interrupt Request
ISA: Industry Standard Architecture
ISATAP: Intrasite Automatic Tunnel Addressing Protocol
ISO: International Standards Organization
ISP: Internet Service Provider
ISV: Independent Software Vendor
ITU-T: International Telecommunication Union-Telecommunication
JPEG: Joint Photographic Experts Group
JSP: Java Server Pages
LDAP: Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
LLMNR: Link-Local Multicast Name Resolution
LLMNR: Link-Local Multicast Name Resolution
LZW: Lempel Ziv Welch (Compression algorithm)
MD4: Message Digest 4
MD5: Message Digest 5
MFD: Multi-Function Device
MIME: Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension
MLD: Multicast Listener Discovery
MPEG: Moving Pictures Experts Group
MTP: Media Transfer Protocol
NAP: Network Access Protection
NAT: Network Address Translation
NDIS: Network Driver Interface Specification
NDS: Novell Directory Service
NetBIOS: Network basic input/output system
NGSCB: Next Generation Secure Computing Base
NNTP: Network News Transfer Protocol
NUD: Neighbor Unreachability Detection
OCI: Oracle Call Interface
OCSP: Online Certificate Status Protocol
OEM: Original Equipment Manufacturer
OSI: Open Systems Interconnection (OSI model)
OSPF: Open Shortest Path First
P2P: Peer-to-peer
PAN: Personal Area Network
PANU: Personal Area Network User
PATA: Parallel ATA
PCI: Peripheral Component Interconnect
PCM: Pulse Code Modulation
PDA: Personal Digital Assistants
PEAP: Protected Extensible Authentication Protocol
PICS: Parental Internet Content Selection
PID: Product ID
PIN: Personal Identification Number
PNG: Portable Network Graphics
PnP: Plug and Play
POP: Post Office Protocol
POP3: Post Office Protocol 3
POSIX: Portable Operating System Interface for UNIX
POST: Power on Self Test
PPP: Point-to-Point Protocol
PVR: Personal Video Recorder
PXE: Preboot Execution Environment
PXE: Pre-boot Execution Environment
RAID: Redundant Array of Independent Disks
RAS: Remote Access Service
RFC: Request for Comment
RIFF: Resource Interchange File Format
RSS: Really Simple Syndication
S/MIME: Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension
S/PDIF: Sony/Philips Digital Interface
S4U: Service-for-User
SACL: System Access Control List
SATA: Serial ATA
SBM: Subnet Bandwidth Management
SCSI: Small Computer System Interface
SDK: Software Development Kit
SDP: Session Description Protocol
SFM: Services for Macintosh
SGC: Server Gated Cryptography
SHA-1: Secure Hash Algorithm
SID: Security Identifier
SLIP: Serial Line Internet Protocol
SMB: Small and Medium scale Business
SMP: Symmetric Multiprocessing
SMTP: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SNMP: Simple Network Management Protocol
SOAP: Simple Object Access Protocol
SoHo: Small Office Home Office
SP Platform: Software Protection Platform
SPA: Secure Password Authentication
SSI: Server Side Includes
SSID: Service Set Identifier
SSL/TLS: Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security
SSL: Secure Sockets Layer
STD: Security Tool Distributor
TCG: Trusted Computing Group
TCO: Total Cost of Ownership
TCP: Transmission Control Protocol
TFTP: Trivial File Transfer Protocol
TIME: Timed Interactive Multimedia Extensions
TLD: Top-level domain
TLS: Transport Layer Security
TSID: Transmitting station ID
TSR: Terminate-and-stay-resident
UCS: Unicode Character System
UDP: User Datagram Protocol
UEFI: Unified Extensible Firmware Interface
UFD: Universal Flash Device
UNC: Universal Naming Convention
UPS: Uninterruptible power supply
USB: Universal Serial Bus
UTF-8: Unicode Transmission Format 8
VAR: Value Added Reseller
VCCU: Sony VAIO Camera Capture Utility
VM: Virtual Machine
VPN: Virtual Private Network
W3C: World Wide Web Consortium
WebDAV: Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning
WEC: Web Extender Client protocol
WEP: Wired Equivalent Privacy
WLAN: Wireless Local Area Network
WPA2: Wi-Fi Protected Access 2
WPAD: Web Proxy AutoDiscovery
WYSIWYG: What-you-see-is-what-you-get
XML: eXtensible Markup Language
XSL: XML Style Sheet
Multimedia Technology:
AAC: Advanced Audio Coding
AIFF: Audio Interchange File Format
MIDI: Musical Instrument Digital Interface

Multimedia File Formats:
.3g2: 3GPP2 Media
.3gp: 3GPP Media
.3gp2: 3GPP2 Media
.3gpp: 3GPP Media
.669: 669 Module Sound
.aac: AAC Audio
.ac3: AC3 Audio
.acf: CAF Audio
.acp: AAC for SD
.adts: AAC Audio
.aif: AIFF File
.aifc: AIFF File
.aiff: AIFF File
.amc: AMC Media
.amf: AMF Module Sound
.amr: AMR Narrow-Band Content
.ams: AMS Module Sound
.ape: Monkey’s Audio
.asf: Advanced Systems Format
.asx: Advanced Stream Redirector
.au: UNIX Audio (Sun Microsystems, NeXT and Silicon Graphics computers)
.avi: Audio Visual Interleave
.awr: AMR Wide-Band Content
.bwf: Wave Audio
.cda: CD Audio Track
.cdda: AIFF File
.cel: Autodesk Animator
.dbm: DBM Module Sound
.dif: Digital Video
.divx: DivX Video
.dmf: DMF Sound
.dv: Digital Video
.dvr-ms: Microsoft Digital Video Recording
.far: FAR Sound
.flac: Free Lossless Audio Codec
.flc: Autodesk Animator
.fli: Autodesk Animator
.flv: Flash Video
.gsm: GSM Audio
.ifo: DVD Video
.ims: IMS Karaoke Sequence
.it: IT Module Sound
.ivf: Indeo Video Technology
.kar: Karaoke MIDI Sequence
.m15: MPEG Media
.m1a: MPEG Media
.m1s: MPEG Media
.m1v: MPEG-1
.m3u: MP3 metafile playlist
.m3url: MP3 metafile playlist
.m4a: MPEG-4 Audio
.m4b: AAC Audio Book
.m4e: MPEG-4 file
.m4p: AAC Audio (Protected)
.m4v: MPEG Video (Protected)
.m75: MPEG Media
.mdl: MDL Module Sound
.med: MED Module Sound
.mid: MIDI File
.midi: MIDI File
.mka: Matroska Audio
.mkv: Matroska Video
.mod: MOD Module Sound
.mov: QuickTime Movie
.mp2: MPEG Audio Layer II
.mp3: MPEG Audio Layer III
.mp4: MPEG-4 media file (Audio & Video)
.mpa: MPEG Audio Layer II
.mpc: MPEG Plus Audio
.mpe: MPEG Format
.mpeg: MPEG-1
.mpg: MPEG-1
.mpga: MPEG Audio
.mpm: MPEG Media
.mpv: MPEG Media
.mpv2: MPEG Format
.mqv: QuickTime Movie
.mt2: MT2 Module Sound
.mtm: MTM Module Sound
.ofr: Optimfrog Lossless Audio
.ofs: Optimfrog DualStream Audio
.ogg: OGG Vorbis Sound
.ogm: OGG Vorbis Media
.okt: OKT Module Sound
.pls: Audio Playlist
.ptm: PTM Module Sound
.qcp: QUALLCOM PureVoice Audio
.qht: QiuckTime Html
.qhtm: QiuckTime Html
.qt: QuickTime Movie
.ra: Real Audio
.ram: Real Audio Shortcut
.rm: Real Audio / Real Video
.rmi: Musical Instrument Digital Interface
.rmvb: Real Audio / Real Video VBR
.rp: RealPix
.rt: Real Text
.rts: RTSP stream Descriptor
.rtsp: RTSP stream Descriptor
.rv: Real Video
.s3m: S3M Module Sound
.sd2: Sound Designer II
.sdp: Scalable Multicast (SDP stream descriptor)
.sdv: SD Video
.smf: MIDI File
.smi: SMIL Multimedia Presentation
.smil: SMIL Multimedia Presentation
.sml: SMIL Multimedia Presentation
.snd: sound (Sun Microsystems, NeXT and Silicon Graphics computers)
.spx: Speex Sound
.ssm: Streaming Media Metafile
.svd: Super Video CD
.swf: Flash media
.tp: MPEG-2 Transport Stream
.trp: MPEG-2 Transport Stream
.ts: MPEG-2 Transport Stream
.ult: ULT Module Sound
.ulw: uLaw Audio
.umx: UMX Module Sound
.vcd: Video CD
.vfw: Video for Windows (AVI)
.vob: DVD Video
.wav: Wave Audio
.wax: Windows Media Audio Redirector
.wm: Windows Media Audio/Video file
.wma: Windows Media Audio
.wmd: Windows Media Download Package
.wms: Windows Media Player Skins
.wmv: Windows Media Video
.wmx: Windows Media Redirector
.wmz: Windows Media Player Skins
.wpl: Windows Media Player Playlist
.wvx: Windows Media Video Redirector
.xm: XM Module Sound
.xpl: Audio Playlist

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Author: bcdalai
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